Grain products supplied by PrimusAgro
Wheat is the oldest grain crop. It began to be cultivated about 10 thousand years ago. Wheat grows in various soil and climatic conditions and is widespread in all parts of the globe.By type of production, wheat is divided into spring wheat and winter wheat.
All varieties of wheat cultivated on the globe are mainly related to two botanical species: soft wheat and hard wheat. These two types of wheat differ in chemical composition and biochemical properties of grain, and in terms of technological qualities.
Grain of soft vitreous wheat with sufficient (about 14%) protein content and good quality gluten is used For the production of bread flour.
Wheat flour with a low (9-11%) protein content, but with a high starch is required for the confectionery industry.
Hard wheat is the main raw material for production of high-quality pasta.
Depending on the quality indicators, soft wheat is divided into 6 classes (classes 1 + 3 – group A, classes 4 + 5 – group B and class 6).
Hard wheat, depending on the quality indicators, is divided into 5 classes.
Feeder grain from PrimusAgro
Almost all cereals in different proportions are divided into food and fodder. There are certain quality standards for the first variant of cereals. Grain that does not meet these standards is used as feeder, or fodder grain. But this does not mean that absolutely everything that does not correspond to food standards goes for animal feeding.
The ratio of these crops in various plants is different. The division is performed according to the qualitative characteristics of the grain. So, wheat can be hard and soft.
Hard wheat grades are divided into five classes, soft wheat grades – into six classes. І, ІІ, ІІІ and IV classes in both grades are used for food purposes, and V and VI class – this is feeder grain, intended for animal feed. Also there are qualitative characteristics for feeder grain – moisture, sprouting, impurities of garbage and other indicators.
The main indicators, which determine the grade of cereals:
- Grain unit (unit weight) is the mass of 1 liter of grain expressed in grams. This measure is adopted only for wheat, barley, oats and rye. It characterizes the indicator of grain plumpness. Lightweight cereals – those that have not finished their development due to certain reasons (early frosts, dry winds).
- Moisture is one of the most important indicators that determines the stability during storage;
- content of impurities – shows the boundary values of the impurities content.
Feed wheat is widely used in livestock production According to its energy and nutritional value, feed wheat is second only to corn. Fed wheat is used as a basis for the preparation of mixed fodders. In the composition of feed wheat there are enough useful microelements that affect positively the growth and development of farm animals.
The protein promotes the growth of young animals, since it has a high caloric value. Experienced breeders advise fodder grain of wheat with a high level of cellulose to feed cattle and horses, and use varieties with a small amount of cellulose in feeding poultry and pigs.
Main indicators of feed wheat supplied by PrimusAgro:
- Grain unit – min 720 g/l
- Moisture – max 14%
- Black dockage max 2%
- Blue-headed grain – 3%
- Gluten, min. 17%
- Protein min. 10.5%
- Other parameters according to DSTU: 3768-2010
One of the most popular feeds in the world is cornmeal. Fodder corn favorably stands out among other feed cereals as high in starch, fat (up to 8%) and protein (about 10%). Feed corn differs from other cereal fodder crops by the highest energy value and digestibility. This grain of corn is great for feeding all kinds of animals. It is the main component for many mixtures and mixed fodders.
Signs of difference between feed and food corn are as follows:
- feed corn is grown in regions with a temperate climate, whereas for cultivating food varieties, regions with a warm climate are more suitable;
- feed corn grains are bright yellow, sometimes orange. Food grades in colour are closer to beige;
- if you cook the food and feed corn, the first taste is sweet and soft, and the second one – tough and tasteless;
- food corn cobs are shorter and thicker in size than feed corn, and grains are of great energy value.
Quality indicators of feed corn sold by PrimusAgro:
- Moisture max. 14.5%
- Black dockage max. 2%
- Broken grains max. 5%
- Damaged grains not more than 5%
- Other parameters according to DSTU: 4525: 2006